How to Cook Rice: A Step By Step Guide to Master the Art of Flawless Rice

how to cook rice

Rice cooking is an essential art that every new home cook must master. Due to its versatility and ability to go with various meals, rice is the basis of various cuisines across the globe. Making perfectly cooked and fluffy rice is easy and rewarding. In this blog, I’ll walk you through cooking rice perfectly and ensuring every grain is cooked, tender, and flavorful. From choosing the best type of rice to finding the perfect water ratio to rice, join me as we go through a journey to make the perfect rice bowl suitable for every event or meal.

What are the steps to cook rice – a cooking guide


Measure the Rice: Utilize the measuring cup to determine the quantity of rice you’d like to cook. A normal serving size is approximately 1/2 cup of rice not cooked per person. 

Rice must be rinsed in a fine-mesh strainer or sieve with cool or normal water. It will help remove any excess starch and other impurities. Select the method of cooking you prefer. There are different methods where you can cook rice. You can select which way that can help you cook. You can cook using a stovetop or microwave. Even there are different methods where you can cook rice. 

If you are using those who prefer the method on a stovetop, please follow the instructions below:

  Note: Sometimes, Following the instructions in the package can provide the exact time for cooking.

Note: Make sure you change the cooking time and water ratio by following the instructions on the rice package. Experimentation and practice can help you attain the ideal consistency and texture you want for the best rice type you like.

What will be the exact ratio of water to rice?

The rice-to-water ratio is the recipe for excellent rice. Our instruction lets you know how much water you need to use according to how much rice you’re making. Like how much the right proportion of ingredients can determine the failure or failure of an entire dish, the water-to-rice ratio ensures that the rice will be soft, fluffy, and flavorful.

Imagine being a chef and having the power of a magical potion. Rice is the primary protagonist, and water plays an important role. To make a delicious dining experience, you need to strike the right equilibrium between both. If you drink too much water, your rice will end up drowning in a sloppy mess. Need more water, and your rice will end up thirsty and not cooked.

The water-to-rice ratio is the secret formula that guides you toward the ideal balance. It’s a mathematical equation, and each kind of rice has its solution. However, below is the two-rice ratio which I have shared with you.

White rice: with long grains might want the 1.5:1 water-to-rice ratio. 

Brown Rice:  may require an increase of 2:1.

If you can understand and apply the ratio of water to Rice, you can unlock the power to make rice dishes fit to be served by the aristocratic. Take the measuring cups and follow this magical recipe, ensuring every rice grain gets enough hydration to shine on the table.

What is the ideal rice-to-water ratio?

The ideal ratio for the rice to water is like an elegant dance between two people at the table. Rice is the focus in the spotlight, and the water gives it the needed support. As with a well-choreographed dance, the proper ratio will ensure a memorable culinary spectacle.

Imagine that you’re cooking the perfect symphony of tastes. The rice is the melody, and the water serves to create harmony. You must find the right harmony between these two to create a harmonious sound that will resonate with your taste buds.

Imagine the ratio of water to rice as a music score. Every kind of rice is characterized by its rhythm and tempo. The ratio will help you determine how to get the most out of every grain. For certain types of rice, using a scant 1.5 cups of water to one cup may be the ideal ratio for the song to sing.

If you follow the ratio of water to rice, you become the chef of a gourmet orchestra, ensuring that every grain of rice plays its role beautifully. This ratio guarantees that rice is cooked perfectly, at the perfect level of tenderness, moisture, and fluffiness.

Then, walk into the kitchen with your chef’s baton, and let the ratio of water-to-rice help you create an exquisite culinary creation that will have your taste buds in awe.

What is the exact ratio of rice to water ?

The ratio differs upon the rice per cup of rice.

 1) White Rice:

As white rice is categorized as Long-grain, Basmati, and jasmine. As the water is added to 1 cup of rice. The water ratio can be added based on rice quantity, but it is measured as 1 cup of rice per cup of 1.5 cups of water as white rice is considered a delicate flavour that requires only the perfect amount of water to blossom. With exactly 1.5 cups of water per cup of rice, the grains soak up enough water to turn light, airy, and separate when cooked. This ratio provides a soft texture and showcases the rice’s Flavors and aroma.


 2) Brown Rice (Long-grain, Short-grain):

 Ratio Water-to-Rice Two cups of water to one cup of rice.

Brown rice cooked with the bran layer still attached requires more water to soften it and cook evenly. The ratio changes or differs from 2 cups of water to 1 cup of rice, ensuring the grains hold enough moisture. Adjust the water temperature to suit different rice varieties.

3) Basmati Rice (Specifically):

The ratio of Water to Rice is 1.25 cups of water based on 1 cup of water for basmati rice. Basmati rice, known for its delicate scent and long tiny grains, differs slightly from other rice. The percentage of 1.25 cups of water to one cup of rice would be ideal for Basmati rice to get its distinctive airy and airy texture. This ratio will ensure that the grains remain separated as well cooked and allow delicious Flavors to shine.

 4) Sticky Rice (Glutinous Rice):


5) Wild rice 

 When it comes to wild rice, the ratio differs based on the rice, as water is added based on one cup of rice.

Remember that these ratios are intended as general guidelines, but you can alter them according to your taste and the type of rice you use. In addition, using a rice cooker or following the specific directions on the rice package can give more specific suggestions that are specific to the specific rice variety to ensure the best outcomes.

How to wash rice. The first step is cleaning the rice.

Rice varietiesWashing Type
White Rice (Long-grain, Basmati, Jasmine)Rinse with cold water.
Brown Rice (Long-grain, Short-grain)Rinse with cold water.
Sticky Rice (Glutinous Rice)Clean with normal or cold water.
Wild RiceWash under cool water.

If you follow these steps to wash the rice, you will remove any impurities, extra starch, or other dirt that could influence the taste and texture of cooked rice. It also prevents the rice from becoming excessively sticky or clumpy while cooking.


Remember : That the water temperature to rinse rice is usually cold for most kinds. But for some varieties, such as sushi rice, you may require soaking the rice for a few minutes before rinsing. As you can know more, with this knowledge, you’ll easily rinse your rice and cook delicious and perfect-textured recipes!

  What is the reason you should rinse rice

Imagine embarking on a culinary journey, and rice is your trusted friend. As with any great trip, you must begin from scratch, free of baggage. Rinsing rice is akin to giving your travel companion an enjoyable shower before the journey starts.

Rinsing rice is a crucial element in the cooking process, and there are a variety of reasons. 

Why it is suggested:

Removing excess starch is a natural component of rice rinsing and can help remove the starch that could make cooked rice sticky. When you rinse, you will ensure the grains break up easily and produce smooth, non-sticky rice.

Cleaning of impurities

Rinsing Rice can help eliminate any impurities, dust, or particles that may be found. It could meet various contaminants in the making, transporting, and storing. Rinsing is a way to start with safe, clean, and premium rice.

Enhancement in texture and the process of washing rice can improve its taste and texture. In removing the starch on the surface, the rice becomes less clumpy and sticky, allowing them to absorb more water uniformly during cooking. This results in an even and pleasant texture of the cooked rice. Furthermore, rinsing the rice can improve the overall taste of the rice by removing any flavours that might be caused by dust or residues from processing.

Preventing foaming

Certain rice varieties, like parboiled rice, could cause excessive foam when cooking. Rinsing reduces the foaming by removing the surface starch, leading to cleaner cooking.

Personal preference

Some people prefer to wash the rice in an individual or cultural tradition. It is believed to be a traditional practice in many cuisines and believed to enhance the overall quality of cooked rice.

 Rice is needed to be washed before use, but some rice has some exceptions that they are not needed to be washed. 

For example, instant or pre-washed rice varieties don’t require rinsing since they’re already processed to eliminate excessive starch. Furthermore, certain recipes or cooking techniques may require not rinsed rice to obtain a specific taste or texture.

Rinsing rice with water will ensure superior results in cooking, a more supple texture, and a bowl of cleaner-tasting rice you serve. It’s a small action that could significantly improve the taste of rice-based meals.

Remember to season the rice (don’t forget to season rice)

Rice is seasoned with an extra dash of magic that transforms the humble rice into a delicious masterpiece. It’s like sprinkles of stardust on the food, making it a new taste level.

Think of yourself as a chef or magician using a spoon as your wand and a pan of rice as a cauldron. While you prepare the rice, you won’t rest in heat and water. Instead, you create an explosion of Flavors that will dance across your palate.

Consider seasoning as the ingredient that unlocks the rice’s potential. It’s like adding a tune to a silent movie and turning a blank piece of paper into vibrant artwork or infusing a love story with heartfelt feelings.

 The choice is yours to include salt, spices, herbs, or broth. Every seasoning adds a unique character to the rice. It’s a chance for your taste buds to explore and discover Flavors that blend with the simple nature of the rice.

 Spicing up rice is an essential process that should be considered because it brings depth, richness, and an explosion of flavour to otherwise ordinary grains. It’s like giving rice a new personality and making it an acclaimed chef.

Imagine a world that isn’t seasoned and rice in an unsorted way into something vibrant. It’s like an old silent film without a soundtrack, the thrill and energy spices bring. Like a symphony that requires various instruments that work in harmony, adding seasonings creates an array of Flavors to your rice. 

It’s like adding excitement, delight, and a pinch of happiness that turns the everyday into the exceptional.

Consider seasoning as the primary ingredient that opens a flavour. When your flavour your rice with spices, herbs, or other Flavors, you can transform it from a stale meal to an exquisite culinary experience. It’s like adding an ingredient that makes your taste buds crave more.

Seasoning Rice lets you customize the taste profile to your preference. It is possible to experiment using various herbs, like rosemary, thyme, or cilantro, for an aromatic and fresh flavour. Cumin, spice turmeric, and paprika could take your rice to faraway places with exotic and vibrant tastes.

Remember : the importance of spicing up your rice: You can make an exquisite culinary experience, give your rice a unique character, and let your palate enjoy the orchestra of tastes. Seasoning lets you experience a new world of taste and elevates rice from ordinary to exceptional.

How to do proper and easy rice season

I have shared a step-by-step guide on how to season rice properly and easily for you.

Add liquid and pour the proper quantity (water, broth, or a mixture) by the rice’s cooking instructions. The liquid will absorb the flavour of the spices, and cook the rice until it is perfect.

As rice can be cooked as per the instruction, you should cook the rice you prefer, whether it’s a stovetop rice cooker, stovetop, or an instant pot. Let the rice cook until it’s at the level of tenderness you desire. Serve and fluff.

 After the rice has been cooked, lightly steering the rice can separate the grains and eliminate any excess water.

Adjust the seasoning as needed. Serve your perfectly spiced rice as a great food item or as the base for a delicious main dish.

Remember: how you season your rice is an individual preference, so don’t be afraid to play around with various mixtures of spices, herbs, and aromatics to create your taste profile. After some time, you’ll find the right balance that delights your taste buds each time you cook rice.

how to cook rice (By different types of rice)

Rice cooking can differ according to the rice type you’re using. Here are the general instructions for cooking various kinds of rice:


1) Long-Grain White Rice


 2) Basmati Rice:

3) Jasmine Rice:

4 )Brown Rice: 

How long does rice take to cook (according to different rice and different dishes your preparing) , The cooking times for different varieties of rice will differ. 

Below are approximate cooking times for several types of rice:

      1) Long-Grain White Rice:

     2) Basmati Rice:

      3) Jasmine Rice:

     4) Brown Rice:

The cooking time listed is only general guidelines. The precise time can vary based on various factors, possibly because of rice brand, temperature, desire, or heat, which gives the rice texture or smoothness as you can refer to the package of rice as well to get the desired result of cooking, as its cooking time so you can get desired output and let the rice to get at normal temprature by letting it rest and taking it off the heat. It will allow the rice to take in any remaining moisture and give it a more supple texture.

Furthermore, rice cookers may help simplify cooking by automatically adjusting cooking time. Each rice cookers have different adjustments, so consider the adjustments you need to use, the type of rice and the water level.

Always check the package or the specific instructions for the rice you use to ensure the best outcomes. Change the cooking time as needed, then test the rice to ensure it’s cooked to your desired tenderness before serving.


Different types of equipment are required to cook rice.

Rice preparation requires the necessary equipment to achieve the best outcomes. Some of the commonly used equipment to cook rice:

1) Saucepan 

 A Good saucepan is needed before cooking a rice.

2) Pot saucepan 

A pot with an easily fitting lid is required to cook rice in the oven. Mint can also be used (Additionally) for this, and you need a pot or utensils that can occupy the rice even during the cooking time.

3) Rice cooking machine

  Rice cooking machine or a rice cooking device that is specially designed to help users follow in an easy way and added feature in the device which allows them to cook the rice easily. It helps in automating the duration and temperature. Rice cookers have different kinds when it comes to size and has features that include cooking modes and settings for various types of rice. 

Measuring Cup: Measurement cups are vital to accurately measuring the rice and water ratio. Use a measuring cup or any measuring cup when using a rice cooker or the standard cup used to cook on the stovetop.

A filter or colander (Optional): Strainer or colander helps remove any contaminants and aids in the removal of starch-producing fluffier rice. Rice paddle or fork A rice paddle or fork is used to lightly fluff up and stir the cooked rice. It assists in separating the rice grains without crushing them or smashing them. 

Timer: Using a timer in your microwave, stove, or a separate timer for your kitchen can be useful for keeping the cooking time. It will help to know that the rice is cooked properly at the right time and attain the desired texture.

These options of equipment offer various cooking methods and techniques to prepare rice. Pick the right equipment for your tastes and resources. When using a stovetop or rice cooker, adhere to the instructions specifically for the device and alter the cooking time to the rice type you’re using.


What are the ingredients used in rice to cook? 

Rice cooking ingredients are typically straightforward, the primary components are water and rice. But, based on the kind of rice and your preferences, you may add additional ingredients to increase the flavours. 

I am sharing the common ingredients for the types of rice below:

White RiceWater (or broth to add flavour)
Basmati RiceWater (or broth for flavour)
Jasmine RiceWater (or broth for flavour)
Brown RiceWater (or broth to add flavour)

Additional ingredients (optional) for flavour enhancement:

More rice ingredients mixture tips

 Here are some additional rice ingredients mixing tips to improve the taste and diversity of rice dishes:

1) Vegetable Rice

In vegetable rice, different varieties of vegetables are added like vegetables such as peas, carrots, bell peppers, corn, etc., in butter or oil before adding water and rice. It will add texture, colour, and nutritional value to the rice.Adding vegetable broth in place of water can also make extra tasty and flavourful vegetable rice.

 2) Coconut Rice

Refill a small amount of drinking water using coconut milk to make the most delicious and fragrant coconut rice.When making, mix in a couple of tablespoons of shredded coconut and coconut flake rice to give your rice a little extra flavour.

 3) Fried Rice

How fried rice is made is like it is cooked the day before and stored. Cold rice is ideal for frying rice since it keeps the shape of its texture and form. Cook diced veggies in oil or butter, such as peas, carrots, onions, and bell peppers. Incorporate cooked rice, soy sauce, and stir-fry until it is well-mixed.It is also possible to include cooked protein for an entire meal, such as shrimp, chicken, or tofu with scrambled eggs.

 4) Pilaf

Sauté garlic, onions, and spices that smell good, like cinnamon, cumin, or cardamom, are put in butter or oil until they become fragrant. Cook the rice, then add the rice. It is for a short time in the flavoured oil until the grains are coated with it.Add the broth or water, then cook your rice as usual. This technique adds an aromatic and flavorful taste to the rice.

 5) Spanish Rice

Sauté chopped onions, garlic, and bell peppers added in olive oil until softened. Cook rice until it is lightly cooked and slightly. Add amalgamated diced tomatoes, flavorful chicken broth, and enticing spices like cumin, paprika, and fiery chilli powder.

Cook until the rice has been cooked and all the flavour is combined, resulting in a tasty rice dish that is savoury and delicious.

 6) Saffron Rice

Dissolve a handful of threads of saffron into a tiny quantity of water. It may make the water appear bright yellow with a slightly floral odour.Use the saffron-infused water to cook the rice and create an appealing and fragrant rice dish with saffron. 

Be sure to alter the spices and the ingredients according to your preferences, as you can try around with different combinations of vegetables, herbs, spices, and proteins to make distinctive and delicious rice meals.

How can you know when the rice is ready?

 When rice is cooked, it is as simple as evaluating its texture and the amount of moisture. Here are a few clues to help you decide when different types of rice are cooked.

 1) White long-grain rice

 Examine the texture: The Rice should be soft and separated when cooked. You possess the power to delicately nudge a solitary rice grain using the tips of your fingers. The rice should feel soft but maintain its shape and not become mushy. Absorbent water must be completely absorbed, and there shouldn’t be any leftover liquid inside the pot.


2) Basmati Rice

Texture test: The grains must be soft and fluffy when cooked. They shouldn’t be clumped together but remain distinct.

 Water that is absorbed: It must be completely absorbed, and there should not be extra liquid left inside the pot.


3) Jasmine Rice

Check the texture:  After cooking, the grains must be supple, soft, and sticky. They should retain their shape. However, they may have some slight sticking.

Absorbent water must be completely absorbed, and there shouldn’t be any extra liquid left within the vessel.

4) Brown Rice

When cooked, the grains should be soft and chewy. They should have a firmness but not be hard or brittle.

Water that is absorbed: It must be completely absorbed, and there should not be extra liquid left within the vessel.

 You could also use the visual indication of the water being completely taken up by the rice, which appears separate and plump, to indicate the degree of crookedness.

 In addition, following the suggested time of cooking listed on the rice package or in recipes with specific instructions can ensure that you cook your rice correctly.

When the rice is cooked, put it off the stove and let it rest, as it should reach normal temperature in a few minutes. The resting time will allow the rice to spread its moisture evenly and create a consistent texture.Be aware that the time for cooking can vary depending on factors like the brand of rice, the heat intensity, and your preference for rice’s tenderness. It’s always good to try a small amount of rice to be sure they’re cooked to your preferred level of tenderness before serving.

 Tips: Here are the Different Rice Recipe

 Here are a few of the rice dishes you can make using different kinds of rice:

 1) Vegetable Fried Rice

When creating a vegitable rice you use a bowl, cook chopped vegetables such as carrots, bell peppers, peas, and onions and cook in oil. Incorporate the rice cooked along with soy sauce and a pinch of salt. Stir fry until the rice is thoroughly cooked and in a sauce.It should be well made, and then crack an egg in it. Scrabble the egg until cooked, and then stir it with the rice.Sprinkle with green onion pieces, and serve hot.


2) Chicken Biryani Recipe

A Chicken biryani-making process starts with marinating ginger paste and other ingredients like turmeric, coriander, and other spices.

In a separate pan, prepare basmati rice until around 70-80% done. Then drain the rice and place it aside. Heat oil and sauté onions in slices till golden brown in a large deep skillet. Then, remove half of the onions to serve as garnishes. Place the chicken marinated over the remaining onions, then add a layer of partly cooked rice. Continue the layering.

 Saffron-infused milk and ghee drizzle on top of the chicken. It should be covered in a skillet with foil and cooked at low temperature until the chicken and rice are cooked thoroughly and the tastes are blended. Garnish with fried onions, mint leaves, and cilantro, if desired. Serve immediately with yogurt or raita.

3) Coconut Milk Rice


Rice is a multi-faceted and popular staple food prepared in many ways. Knowing the right proportion of rice to water is crucial to achieving an ideal texture and consistency. The ratio is typically 1:1.5 up to 1:1, based on the kind of rice utilized. 

It is essential to wash the rice to eliminate any excess starch and to achieve the fluffiest grains. Making rice Savory by adding salt, herbs, butter, or other spices can add flavour and improve the overall flavour. 

Different kinds of rice require different time and cooking techniques, so it is essential to follow the specific cooking instructions for each kind. Also, using the right equipment, like a rice cooker, saucepan, or measuring cup, can ensure optimal outcomes. Make sure you experiment with various ingredients, recipes and flavours to explore the endless possibilities of rice recipes and have fun cooking!

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